The banner says: “Poland – a country of people educating themselves”
The tradition of celebrating that day in Poland goes back to 1890. During the communism, after WW2 it was one of the most important national holidays. On this day May Day marches took place, participation in them was obligatory or encouraged by the possibilty to buy attractive goods difficult to find in Poland in those times. The marches were so much hated that they practically disappeared after the fall of communism.
After 1989 manifestations have still taken place every year and have been organised by left-wing parties and workers’ organisations. Sometimes clashes of extreme right- wing organisations with the demonstrators take place.
The day is free from work and all the students enjoy it primarily for that reason. They can not remember the marches or what they looked like, it is their parents and grandparents who remember them.
The marches once looked like that, here you can see some students of an upper secondary school
May Day marches today
Gimnazjum nr 18, Poland